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Lab 15: Pelvic Girdle and Lower Limb

PURPOSE:
To examine the bones of the pelvic girdle and lower limbs and to identify the major features of these parts.

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:
1. Locate and identify the bones of the pelvic girdle and their major features
2. Locate and identify the bones of the lower limbs and their major features

PROCEDURE A: PELVIC GIRDLE
1. Review Cpt 5 pages 144-145, and the Skeleton Outline page

2. Print out images 15.1 (below), paste into your NoteBook and Label

3. Examine the bones of the pelvic girdle and locate the following parts and features. At the same time, locate as many of the corresponding parts and features in your own skeleton as possible: Coxal bone, acetabulum, ilium, iliac crest, sacroiliac joint, ischium, pubis, pubis symphysis, pubic arch

4. Complete parts A of the Lab Handout

PROCEDURE B: LOWER LIMB
1. Review Cpt 5 pages 144-145, and the Skeleton Outline page

2. Print out images 15.2 - 15.4 (below), paste into your NoteBook and Label

3. Examine the bones of the lower limb and locate the following parts and features: Femur, head, fovea capitis, neck, greater trochanter, lesser trochanter, lateral condyle, medial condyle; Patella; Tibia, Tibial plateau, tibial tuberosity, medial malleolus; Fibula, head, lateral malleolus; Foot, tarsal bones, metatarsals, phalanges (distal, middle, proximal), calcaneus

6. List the structures found on the bones of the pelvic girdle and leg (those listed above) and describe their individual functions; ie. specific articulation or muscle attachments

7. Complete Part B &C of the Lab Handout (see X-Rays below for Part C)

8. As you complete the lab, Review the "Lab Objectives" from the handout and write a synopsis of the lab addressing the two objectives.